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Indian Wars Belt Buckles - U.S. Cavalry Belt Buckles

Indian War Belt Buckle

Pattern 1851 Eagle Sword Belt Buckle. Applied or or plated nickel-silver wreath often worn off.





Baloon Corps Belt Buckle @ 1890's


Breast Plates


Indian Wars Cartridges - U.S. Cavalry Cartridges


Unfired cartridge -  found at the southern end of the Custer Battlefield.  Undoubtedly a .45-55 calibre, as opposed to a .45-70.  The cartridge was the same however, the former was loaded with 55 grains of powder and a cardboard wad.  That was the type of cartridge used in the 1873 Springfield carbine, which was the main shoulder arm used by soldiers in the battle.                      
                            Indian Wars Spencer Cartridge
        Spencer Cartridge - Found on the Custer Battlefield

Indian Wars Carbines - U.S. Cavalry Carbines

Indian Wars Sharps carbine
Sharps Carbine

Indian Wars Spencer carbine
Spencer Carbine - Model 1865

Indian Wars Trapdoor carbine Springfield Carbine
Trapdoor Springfield Carbine Model 1873

Indian Guns

Indian Carved cutdown rifle
Trapdoor Springfield Model 1873 - Indian Carved



Sharps Model Carbine a single shot breech loading conversion to .50-70 caliber after the Civil War. Originally a .52 caliber percussion breech loading carbine with Sharps pellet priming system as part of the lock plate.



Spencer Repeating Carbine Model 1865. Seven shot repeater. Caliber designation is confusing. Considered a .50 caliber but can take either the .56-50 or the .56-52 rimfire cartridge.



Trapdoor Springfield Model 1873. Single shot breech loading carbine in .45-70 caliber. Made famous by use in Custer's Last Stand - Battle of the Little Big Horn.






Trapdoor Springfield Rifle .Model 1873. Single Shot breech loading in .45-70 caliber. This gun shows Indian use. Cut-down wood and unusual carved stock.






Indian Wars Cartridge Pouches - U.S. Cavalry Cartridge Pouches
Indian Wars percussion cap Pouch 1855 Cap pouch with sheep wool lining to secure loose caps and wire nipple pick.

Indian Wars Cartridge PouchIndian Wars Cartridge Pouch
US Model 1874 McKeever Cartridge Pouches .45-70

Indian Wars Cartridge Pouch Dyer's pouch
Dyer Cartridge Pouch lined with lambs wool
Dyer Cartridge Pouch


Indian Wars Revolvers - U.S. Cavalry Handguns

Indian Wars Revolver Colt 1851 Navy U.S. Navy-Army

Colt 1851 Navy - Navy Army - marked "US" on left side of frame.
Inspector cartouches on grips.

Indian Wars Revolver Colt 1860 Army
Colt 1860 Army

Indian Wars Remington New Model Army
Remington New Model Army 1858

Indian wars Colt Single Action Army Cavalry Model - Custer Colt



The Colt 1851 Navy. Very few Navies were issued by the government. They are .36 caliber six shot octagon barrel revolvers. A few guns can be found with martial markings. A small "U.S." just under "Colt's patent" on the left side of the frame  and inspectors initials on various parts of the gun. The grips were stamped with the initials of the inspector in an oval, very often on both sides of the grips. These guns are referred to Navy-Armies and may have been used by the U.S. Cavalry.


The U.S. government contracted a large number of Colt 1860 Armies. A very popular sidearm with the Cavalry. They are in .44 caliber percussion six  shot round barrel revolver. Inspectors marks on various parts and cartouche on grips - often worn off.






Remington New Model Army .44 caliber six shot revolver.


Colt 1873 Single Action Army also known as the Cavalry Model or Custer Colt. Caliber .45 Colt. Early "U.S." marked Colts are very popular with collectors as these were the guns used by Custer's troops during the battle of the Little Big Horn. Only a very few guns survived the battle. Guns in the serial range below 7000 are highly prized by collectors as they are "possible" Custer Colts. Marked "US" on left side of frame and inspectors initials on various parts.


Indian Wars head Gear - U.S. Cavalry Hats - Head Gear

Indian Wars Holsters - U.S. Cavalry Holsters

Indian Wars Flap  Holster
Model 1860 Holster - Will fit either the Colt 1860 Army, the Remington New Model 1858 Army or the 1873 Single Action Army Revolvers

Indian Wars Holster
Model 1881 Half Flap Holster



IIndian Wars Swords - U.S. Cavalry Sabers

Indian Wars Sword 1840 cavalry Saber
Model 1840 Heavy Cavalry (Dragoon) Saber

Indian Wars Sword 1860 cavalry Saber
Model 1860 Officer's Light Cavalry Saber

Indian Wars Sword 1872 Staff & Field Officers Sword

U.S. Model 1872 Staff and Field Officer's Sword

Indian Wars Cavalry Spurs
Indian Wars Cavalry Spurs

Indian Wars Medals
Indian Wars Medal
          Indian Wars Medal

Indian Wars Horse Bridles & Bits - U.S. Cavalry Bits

Indian Wars Horse Bite

Shoemaker Bit Model 1874

                             US horse bridle rosette - from a complete,
                             but badly deteriorated, US Cavalry bridle 
                             found in Southern Alberta in the early 1950's

Indian Wars Books
  Indian Wars Author: Bill Yenne
  Encyclopedia of Indian Wars Author: Gregory F. Michno
  The Army and the Indian Author: Peter Cozzens
  Blood and Thunder Author: Hampton Sides

   Conquering the Southern Plains Author: Peter Cozzens






Search Books

Cavalry Horse Equipment
Cavalry Life & History
Collecting The Indian Wars
Colt Firearms
Custer in the Indian Wars
Guns of the Indian Wars
Medals of the Indian Wars




               Knowledge is Power

 Collect what you Know
                      and Know what you Collect!

                                "I cannot live without books" -Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826)

CAVALRY HORSE EQUIPMENT_________________________________________________________________
           Boniface, Jonathan. 2005. The Cavalry Horse and His Pack. The Long Riders' Guild Press.
           Dorsey, Stephen and Kenneth L. McPheeters. 1999. The American Military Saddle. Collectors' Library, Eugene, OR.

CAVALRY LIFE & HISTORY IN THE INDIAN WARS______________________________________________
           McConnell, H. H. 2000. Five Years a Cavalryman. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, OK.
           Miles, Nelson A. 1896. Personal Recollections of General Nelson A Miles. University of Nebraska Press.
           Steffen, Randy. 1979. The Horse Soldier 1776-1943. 4 volumes. Univ of Oklahoma Pr, Norman, OK.
           Urwin, Gregory J. 1986. Cavalry an Illustrated History. Blandford Books, Ltd., Poole, Dorset, U.K
           Vaughn, J.W.1988. With Crook at the Rosebud. Univ of Nebraska Pr, Lincoln, NE.
           Vaughn, J.W.1961. The Reynolds Campaign on Powder River. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, OK.

COLLECTING INDIAN WARS ____________________________________________________________________
           Bazelon, Bruce S. and William F. McGuinn. 1987. A Directory of American Military Goods. Privately Printed.
           Dorsey, Stephen. 1984. American Military Belts and Related Equipment. Pioneer Press, Union City, TN.
           Farrington, Dusan P. 2005. The U.S. Cavalry 1865-1902. Andrew Mowbray, Inc., Lincoln, RI.
           Hardin, Albert N Jr., & Hedden, Robert W. 1973. Light but Efficient A Study of the M1880 Hunting and M1890
           Intrenching Knives and Scabbards
. Taylor Publishing, TX.
           Hickox, Ron G. 1992. Collectors Guide to Ames. Pioneer Press, Union City, TN.
           Meadows, Edward.1987. US Military Holsters and Pistol Cartridge Boxes. Taylor Publishing Co.
           O'Donnell, Michael J., And J. Duncan Campbell. 1996. American Military Belt Plates. O'Donnell Publications, Alexandria, VA.
           Peterson, Harold L. 1973. The American Swor 1775-1945. Ray Riling Arms Books Company, Philadelphia, PA.
           Phillips, William and Vervloet, John. 1987. U.S.Single Action Cartridge Handgun Holsters 1870-1910.
           Museum Restoration Service.
           Reilly, Robert M. 1990. American Socket Bayonet and Scabbards.Andrew Mowbray Inc.
           Shockley, Col. Philip M. 1958. The Trapdoor Springfield in Service. World Wide Gun Report Inc.
           Todd, Frederick P. 1978. American Military Equipage 1851-1872 Vol 1. Company of Military Historicans, Westbrook, CT.
           Webster, Donald B. 1964. American Socket Bayonets 1717- 1873. Museum Restoration Service, Ottawa, Ontario.

COLT FIREARMS_______________________________________________________
           Farley, Captain J. P. 1875. Rules for the Inspection of Army Revolvers and Gatling Guns . Springfield, MS, National            Armory.
           Lewis, Jack. 1982. Gun Digest Book of Single Action Revolvers. Northfield, IL, DBI Books.
           Taffin, John. 2006. Single Action Sixguns. lola, WI, F & W Publications.
           Wilson, R.L. 1992. The Peacemakers Arms and Adventure in the American West. New York, NY, Random House,
           Shumaker, P.L. 1957. Colt's Variations of the Old Model Pocket Pistol 1848 to 1872. Beverly Hills, CA,Fadco
           Publishing Co.
           Smith, L. W. 1971. Home Gunsmithing the Colt Single Action Revolvers. Philadelphia, PA, Ray Riling Arms Book            Company.

CUSTER AND THE INDIAN WARS________________________________________________________________
           Custer, Elizabeth B. 1885. Boots and Saddles. Harper & Brothers Publisher, New York, NY.
           Graham, W. A. 1986. The Custer Myth. University of Nebraska Press.
           Brininstool, E. A. 1952. Troopers with Custer. Bonanza Books, New York, NY.
           Reedstrom, Ernest Lisle. 1992. Custers 7th Cavalry From Fort Riley to the Little Big Horn. Sterling Pub Co Inc, New York, NY.
           Windolph, Charles; Hunt, Robert and Hunt, Frazier. 1987. I Fought with Custer: The Story of Sergeant Windolph,
           Last Survivor of the Battle of the Little Big Horn
. University of Nebraska Press/Bison Book, Lincoln, NE.

GUNS OF THE INDIAN WARS____________________________________________________________________
           Baldwin, John. 2002. Indian Guns, Spears and Shields of the American Frontier. W. Olive, MI, Early American
           Artistry Pub. Co.

           Boehret, P.C. 1967. Arming The Troops 1775-1815: Arms Makers and Comments. Easton, PA, Hobson Printing Co.
           Butler, David F. 1971. United States Firearms. Winchester Press.
           Canfield, Bruce. 1991. A Collectors Guide to The Winchester in the Service. Andrew Mowbray.Lincoln, RI.
           Dorsey, R. S. 1995. Guns of the Western Indian War. Collectors' Library, Eugene, OR.
           Du Mont, John Sanderson. 1988. Custer Battle Guns. Phoenix Publishing, NH.
           Farley, Captain J. P. 1875. Rules for the Inspection of Army Revolvers and Gatling Guns . Springfield, MS,
           National Armory.
           Farrington, D. P. 2004. Arming and Equipping the U.S. Cavalry 1865-1902. Lincoln, RI, Mowbray Publishers.

           Fuller, Stephen L. 1977. United States Martial Collectors Arms. San Jose, CA, Military Arms Research Service.
           Gooding, S. James. 2003. Trade Guns of the Hudson's Bay Company, 1670-1970. Alexandria Bay, NY, Museum            Restoration Service.
           Hanson, Charles E., Jr. 1955. The Northwest Gun. Lincoln, NE, Nebraska State Historical Society.

           Hammer, Kenneth M. 1970. The Springfield Carbine in the western Frontier. The Old Army Press, NE.
           Marcot, Roy M. 2007. Spencer Repeating Firearms. Rochester Rowe Publications.
           McAulay, John D. 1996. Carbines of the US Cavalry 1861-1905. Andrew Mowbray.Lincoln, RI.
           McAulay, John D. 1996. Civil War Pistols. Andrew Mowbray.Lincoln, RI.
         Parsons, John E. & DuMont, John S. 1953. Firearms of the Custer Battle. Stackpole Books, Harrisburg, PA.

           Pitman, General John. 1987. The Pitman Notes on U S Martial Small Arms and Ammunition, 1776-1933 Volume 1            Revolvers and Automatic Pistols. Vol I Breech-loading Carbines of U.S. Civil War. Tacoma, WA, Armory Publications.
           Springfield Research Service. Serial Numbers of U.S. Martial Arms. Vol. I. Vol. II (1986). Vol. Ill (1990).
           Vol. IV (1995) and quarterly newsletters. Silver Spring, MD, Springfield Research Service.

           1988. Guns at the Little Bighorn. Lincoln, RI, Mowbray, Inc.

INDIAN WARS MEDALS_______________________________________________________________________________
           Beyer, Walter F., and Keydel, Oscar F. 2000. Deeds of Valor How American Heroes Won the Medal of Honor. Smithmark Publishers.



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